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^KƷ׷ݹĿcϵyOӋ

rg:2021-01-26:T ˾ S
Čx@һƪPڅ^KƷ׷ݹĿcϵyOӋ,ΣUWƷָWƷоȼױжкзgˆTOhɂpĻWƷ@ЩΣUWƷaI\ݔʹU̎^̎ڹ

ժ    Ҫ^K朼gһNҎģfƷaN۷\ݔ淽ʹ÷͸POܲT“һƷaI\ݔʹU̎Mȫ^ȫ朗lϢFIȫarıO

PI~^K; Ʒ; ȫ; ׷ݹ;

AbstractAs a large-scale collaboration tool, blockchain technology connects hazardous chemicals producers, sellers,transporters, storage parties, users, and relevant regulatory authorities at all levels. Blockchain technology conducts the entire process and entire chain of information management for the production, operation, transportation, storage, use, and disposal of hazardous chemicals, and realizes the supervision and management of the safety production status of the enterprise.

Keywordblockchain; hazardous chemicals; whole process; traceability management;

1 

ΣUWƷָWƷоȼױжкзgˆTOhɂpĻWƷ@ЩΣUWƷaI\ݔʹU̎^̎ڹͭhΣSлM̼ӿ͇񽛝ĿٰlչΣUWƷڹIaճеĵλԽl͹@S֮҇ΣUWƷaͨȭhİȫ}@ͻT㽭؎X͹܇ը¼hƷй©¹“P”ƿbҺⱬȼ¹ʵȶ¶ΣUWƷȫOܷԴڴƵĿg@Ҫ҂ΣUWƷMиӇĹԄµĹģʽPOܲTšܲγɺIͳаȫˮƽ

ȫaPϵȺؔaȫĴǽf{lչĘ־h߶ؓ؟ҪhԺv߶ҕȫa2020226йkdԺkdӡlˡPȫӏΣUWƷȫaҊоΣUWƷȫϢOϵyaA\ݔʹIU̎õȸhMȫ^ϢͱOFΣUWƷԴѭȥBɿIOܲT̷TԮT֮g“ͨ20181йkdԺkdӡlˡPMаȫlչҊҪM԰ȫaAľCȫλϵyijаȫlչwϵȫ߳аȫˮƽЧ͈ԛQشȫ¹ʰl

ƷORV漰ИIװlش¼LUOܲT]ЌFaUȫ̱OɿضܿyȴOwϵsTgϢ̶ȵ^K朼gһNҎģfƷaI\ݔʹU̎Mȫ^ȫ朗lϢƲͬTͬӼͬ^ȵϢډڱOܲT[ƷD^̰ȫ©FIȫarıOͬrOTOϢЧFvܲTMTgϢγɻflaȫ¹ʕr܉׷ٲƷDͱO^дڵĆ}¹ʲ̎綨׷ۙ؟ȫΣUWƷȫˮƽϳаȫ

2 ^K

2.1 x

^KǷֲʽ惦cc\ݔRC㷨ӋCg͑ģʽڅ^K朼gԘһЧɿărֵfϵyƄӻ“Wɞ阋εľWjAOʩFrֵЧf^K朼gһ헵ļgһ˶෽оɹA֮ϵľCԼgϵyԓg߂䷺Ļ_Żɴ۸߿ɿ
 

^KƷ׷ݹĿcϵyOӋ
 

2.2 ^K

2.2.1 Ļ

ڷֲʽϵyYü㷨ֲʽcgPϵĶγȥĻεķֲʽϵyԓwϵWjҪĻӲߵƽ_⹝c֮gęxնǾȵٔcēpĻӰϵy\˅^KϵyИOõĽ

2.2.2 _Ż

^Kϵy_ŵϵy\Ҏtǹ_͸cϵyÿc֮gMДQǟo횻ε˽׸˽Ϣ^K朵Ĕ˹_κ˶ͨ^_Ľӿڲԃ^K朔_lPϵyϢ߶͸ϵyָҎt͕rgc֮gDzҲo_c

2.2.3 ɴ۸

“^K+”block+chainĪ~н׵ą^KՕrgmӵ朵βҪ޸һ^KеĔҪ֮Ѕ^KͬrRCʹ޸Ĵ^KijɱO׺DzܵԲùCą^K朾Wj؎ֻ̫Г51%ϵſЅ^KԴ۸Ĕ@NOӋC˅^K朵Ĕɿ

2.2.4 ߿ɿ

^K朼gͨ^R㷨ָcĸ߶һÿһȫcSoһĔϵy\DهecijcWj}Ӳܛe`߱ڿͿtӰϵyԼcc}cųϲɔ֮ͬSrټϵy^m

^KṩһN͵ΙC锵ֽİlչ춨»ʯ“^K+”ÄʾaIº͹յ·FA^K朼gڽڱUʳƷȫtյȶI򼺽_չđ̽rֵõˏVJ

3 څ^KƷ׷ݹԷ

҇ƷORV漰ИIװlش¼LUOܲT]ЌFaUȫ̱OɿضܿyȴOwϵsTgϢ̶ȵ

^K朼gһNҎģfƷaI\ݔʹU̎Mȫ^ȫ朗lϢƲͬTͬӼͬ^ȵϢډڱOܲT[ƷD^̰ȫ©FIȫarıOͬrOTOϢЧFvܲTMTgϢγɻflaȫ¹ʕr܉׷ٲƷDͱO^дڵĆ}¹ʲ̎綨׷ۙ؟

Oڅ^K朵Ʒ׷ݹϵyFΣUWƷPϢЧ“TıOšܺϢYԴMT֮gI㕽Ӻͅf{ΣUWƷЧ\Ә˺“һһa”ΣUWƷΨһR׷ݴaȫΣUWƷaIʹõPO朗lλMДӺͲɼYϽֵܾ\ϵyбOֵĚƿOϵyhֵďU̎IϵyΣUWƷȫڹwϵČY|̎PȱOܵ“ȫ朗l”º󑪼DǰAº̎DOܷδֱD򾫸μӱODOպFΣUWƷȫhȫ^ƷӑBOȫ׷Soзȫ

4 څ^KƷ׷ݹϵy

4.1 ԭ

Å^K朲ɴ۸_ŻŵƷ漰aIʹUȸh漰Iίk֔MFƷȫhȫϢ机ͱOͨƷOPίkֵĔ܉Tgκ͹RfTλAFڴ_ȫͬrMTڙ๲cIՅfͬеĔDʹӛl}rλ}lĭh؟ηͬrcҲͨ^ԴC

4.2 ģʽ͔

Ʒȫ̱O漰hϵyȡ“朵ķʽD1Ʒ朵ʾDɌFƷȫ^̵Ϣۙ

Ʒͨ^“һһa”RaI\ݔʹõUȫ̭hϢ^K^KϢɴ۸څ^K朵Ʒ׷ݹƽ_ɸίkּPIaI\ݔNU̎ãʹÆλhĹcȺͬSoڅ^K朼gķֲʽȥĻOܷIʹ÷ɫ@ȡƷԴȥ׷ݔݵī@ȡُƷȫͮaƷ׷Ϣ

D1 ƷʾD
D1 ƷʾD

4.3 朔ɼIwԇc

څ^K朵Ʒ׷ݹϵyͨ^RFID˺FƷ漰aI\ݔUhͨ^@ЩhϢMg܇ژIϵyͱO܆λԪͨ^Ʒ׷ΨһReaԌFȫ׷

ԹIw漰nbz\ݔIʹúͻխhɼĔϢ£

nم^^OCƿbλbλbSC̖ԴRһSlaa׷ݘRSaaƿBaB

b/գ׷ݘRbλzTĘIYzrgYՓb|

z򞣺׷ݘR͙zλĩΙz´Ιzzλ

\ݔ\λ\ݔλ\l؛ַ؛ַ

Iוrgb|ُλNۆλ

ʹã׷ݾa؛λλrg˵

4.4 ȫ׷ݹϵyIwԇc

ȫ׷ݹϵyԌFIwͨrͨ^PƥɌϢMP“_ΏĘIλ䌍w؟εȷʽγɶϵy“]h;FΣUWƷȫ̿׷ݻΣUWƷԴ^ܿغ̈́ӑBO

4.4.1 ƿ׷w

ƿ׷ݰbzIʹ傀hƿ׷ݵIгbͻͨһ҆λгbպ͙zʌЈOֱOIʹʌڑֱOᘌбOֱO҂ҪǽPOܔIʹúͽIOIԼ󔵓^K׷ݹЌµČwƷ܇vλˆTIȣԼڌw܇vPĶλ܉EȔӳ䵽ϔ^K朲ɴ۸ĵչˆº֮gĘ

4.4.2 ׷ϵy

wIwнIʹíhɑֱӱOͨ^ҎIʹIPO˜ʺ͌Ә˜ʹýK˲ȡƷʽFĽnʹȫ̵Ĕ͹ܿͬrɞPίkṩ֧

D2 ƿ׷ȫ
D2 ƿ׷ȫ

4.4.3 w׷ݕrP“

ᘌIwbzhбO֚ƿ׷ϵyܾ\ݔֵĔIԽĹIw׷ϵyᘌIʹíhͨ^Ʒ؛Saֳ֙CεPϢOCRRegcƷIʹP܇Ʒ}܉EȾ”ӳ䵽MݽP“ʹCγɔCƷĽͬrڕrP“ڈDĂMƷ܇vPϵWjڴC͈DľۺɶrP“ԃ

5 YZ

څ^K朵Ʒ׷ݹϵyƄΣUWƷľop϶FΣUWƷϢČr_ȫ^ڄӑBOܼc׷ݱOΣUWƷ׷ӑBOˮƽЧƄΣUWƷȫOģʽMһȫΣUWƷИIİȫCΣUWƷȫˮƽϏaKUȫڵİȫ

ͨ^^K朼gֲʽ惦ȫgڸTڱOܲTЧΣUWƷֲϢ錍rΣUWƷȫBṩ֧MPλ֮gI㕽Ӻͅf{ΣUWƷOЧ̷z¹ʑ^QṩIO˰ȫlչĜKMIȫaw؟ε䌍|ȫ

īI

[1] ЇϢͨоԺͿŅ^KMӋ.^K朰Ƥ2018)[R].2018.
[2] Ĵʡ^K朮aIƤ2019꣩[R].2019.

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